Hiking, the word itself, has many different terminologies in different countries. Basically, hiking is the walking through a road, countryside, mountain, dense forest, even in the urban area to see the beauty of nature and/or romantic scene of nature.
The history of the hiking started in the 18th century in which people were traveling by walking through the countryside which indicates poverty. Then, the attitude has been changed to walk for the landscape and nature for the recreation. In the USA, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, and the UK, hiking means walking outdoors, for recreational purpose. Bushwalking refers to the walk through the dense forest, undergrowth, or bushes, where forward progress needs pushing vegetation aside. This bushwalk is commonly used by the New Zealanders. In continental Europe, the most popular area for hiking are the Alps. For the UK, Snowdonia and the Scottish Highlands and for the USA, the National Park System is the popular area whereas, in Canada, the Rockies of Alberta and British Colombia are the best places for hiking.
Equipment before going hiking:
For both, the long and short distance hiking requires the equipment to walk. The day hikers generally carry at least water, food, a map, and rain-proof gear. Hikers generally wear sturdy hiking boots (Buy Now) for the mountain walk and backpacking as a protector from the terrain. Ten essentials are recommended by the mountaineer club members and that includes a compass, a trekking pole, sunglasses, sunscreen, a flashlight, a first aid kit, a fire starter, and a knife. Some others recommend carrying a hat, gloves, insect repellent.
Environmental impact and hiking:
Hikers may cause some environmental impact if they are not enough cautious during walking. The regular walking on a track sensitive vegetation may not grow and cause deforestation. Human waste also has a bad impact on environments. Some actions may cause conflict among the hikers, hence, they set up some guidelines to prevent such chaotic situation like moving uphill by the right-of-way, avoid making sounds etc. Hiking may produce personal hazard like an attack by animals, involving physical ailments etc.
To have a nice hiking need to have a proper training before going to hiking.